Jacob's vision of angels; his message and presents to Esau; his wrestling with an angel.
 Jacob also went on the journey he had begun: and the angels of God met him.
Jacob quoque abiit itinere quo coeperat : fueruntque ei obviam angeli Dei.
 And when he saw them, he said: These are the camps of God, and he called the name of that place Mahanaim, that is, Camps.
Quos cum vidisset, ait : Castra Dei sunt haec : et appellavit nomen loci illius Mahanaim, id est, Castra.
 And he sent messengers before him to Esau his brother to the land of Seir to the country of Edom:
Misit autem et nuntios ante se ad Esau fratrem suum in terram Seir, in regionem Edom :
 And he commanded them, saying: Thus shall ye speak to my lord Esau: Thus saith thy brother Jacob: I have sojourned with Laban, and have been with him until this day.
praecepitque eis, dicens : Sic loquimini domino meo Esau : Haec dicit frater tuus Jacob : Apud Laban peregrinatus sum, et fui usque in praesentem diem.
 I have oxen, and asses, and sheep, and menservants, and womenservants: and now I send a message to my lord, that I may find favour in thy sight.
Habeo boves, et asinos, et oves, et servos, et ancillas : mittoque nunc legationem ad dominum meum, ut inveniam gratiam in conspectu tuo.
 And the messengers returned to Jacob, saying: We came to Esau thy brother, and behold he cometh with speed to meet thee with four hundred men.
Reversique sunt nuntii ad Jacob, dicentes : Venimus ad Esau fratrem tuum, et ecce properat tibi in occursum cum quadringentis viris.
 Then Jacob was greatly afraid; and in his fear divided the people that was with him, and the flocks, and the sheep, and the oxen, and the camels, into two companies,
Timuit Jacob valde : et perterritus divisit populum qui secum erat, greges quoque et oves, et boves, et camelos, in duas turmas,
 Saying: If Esau come to one company and destroy it, the other company that is left shall escape.
dicens : Si venerit Esau ad unam turmam, et percusserit eam, alia turma, quae relicta est, salvabitur.
 And Jacob said: O God of my father Abraham, and God of my father Isaac, O Lord, who saidst to me: Return to thy land and to the place of thy birth, and I will do well for thee,
Dixitque Jacob : Deus patris mei Abraham, et Deus patris mei Isaac : Domine qui dixisti mihi : Revertere in terram tuam, et in locum nativitatis tuae, et benefaciam tibi :
 I am not worthy of the least of all thy mercies, and of thy truth which thou hast fulfilled to thy servant. With my staff I passed over this Jordan; and now I return with two companies.
minor sum cunctis miserationibus tuis, et veritate tua quam explevisti servo tuo. In baculo meo transivi Jordanem istum : et nunc cum duabus turmis regredior.
 Deliver me from the hand of my brother Esau, for I am greatly afraid of him: lest perhaps he come, and kill the mother with the children.
Erue me de manu fratris mei Esau, quia valde eum timeo : ne forte veniens percutiat matrem cum filiis.
 Thou didst say that thou wouldst do well by me, and multiply my seed like the sand of the sea, which cannot be numbered for multitude.
Tu locutus es quod benefaceres mihi, et dilatares semen meum sicut arenam maris, quae prae multitudine numerari non potest.
 And when he had slept there that night, he set apart, of the things which he had, presents for his brother Esau.
Cumque dormisset ibi nocte illa, separavit de his quae habebat, munera Esau fratri suo,
 Two hundred she goats, twenty he goats, two hundred ewes, and twenty rams,
capras ducentas, hircos viginti, oves ducentas, et arietes viginti,
 Thirty milch camels with their colts, forty kine, and twenty bulls, twenty she asses, and ten of their foals.
camelos foetas cum pullis suis triginta, vaccas quadraginta, et tauros viginti, asinas viginti et pullos earum decem.
 And he sent them by the hands of his servants, every drove by itself, and he said to his servants: Go before me, and let there be a space between drove and drove.
Et misit per manus servorum suorum singulos seorsum greges, dixitque pueris suis : Antecedite me, et sit spatium inter gregem et gregem.
 And he commanded the first, saying: If thou meet my brother Esau, and he ask thee: Whose art thou? or whither goest thou? or whose are these before thee?
Et praecepit priori, dicens : Si obvium habueris fratrem meum Esau, et interrogaverit te : Cujus es? aut, Quo vadis? aut, Cujus sunt ista quae sequeris?
 Thou shalt answer: Thy servant Jacob's: he hath sent them as a present to my lord Esau: and he cometh after us.
respondebis : Servi tui Jacob, munera misit domino meo Esau, ipse quoque post nos venit.
 In like manner he commanded the second and the third, and all that followed the droves, saying: Speak ye the same words to Esau, when ye find him.
Similiter dedit mandata secundo, et tertio, et cunctis qui sequebantur greges, dicens : Iisdem verbis loquimini ad Esau cum inveneritis eum.
 And ye shall add: Thy servant Jacob himself also followeth after us: for he said: I will appease him with the presents that go before, and afterwards I will see him, perhaps he will be gracious to me.
Et addetis : Ipse quoque servus tuus Jacob iter nostrum insequitur. Dixit enim : Placabo illum muneribus quae praecedunt, et postea videbo illum : forsitan propitiabitur mihi.
 So the presents went before him, but himself lodged that night in the camp.
Praecesserunt itaque munera ante eum, ipse vero mansit nocte illa in castris.
 And rising early he took his two wives, and his two handmaids, with his eleven sons, and passed over the ford of Jaboc.
Cumque mature surrexisset, tulit duas uxores suas, et totidem famulas cum undecim filiis, et transivit vadum Jaboc.
 And when all things were brought over that belonged to him,
Traductisque omnibus quae ad se pertinebant,
 He remained alone: and behold a man wrestled with him till morning.
mansit solus : et ecce vir luctabatur cum eo usque mane.
 And when he saw that he could not overcome him, he touched the sinew of his thigh, and forthwith it shrank.
Qui cum videret quod eum superare non posset, tetigit nervum femoris ejus, et statim emarcuit.
 And he said to him: Let me go, for it is break of day. He answered: I will not let thee go except thou bless me.
Dixitque ad eum : Dimitte me : jam enim ascendit aurora. Respondit : Non dimittam te, nisi benedixeris mihi.
 And he said: What is thy name? He answered: Jacob.
Ait ergo : Quod nomen est tibi? Respondit : Jacob.
 But he said: Thy name shall not be called Jacob, but Israel: for if thou hast been strong against God, how much more shalt thou prevail against men?
At ille : Nequaquam, inquit, Jacob appellabitur nomen tuum, sed Israel : quoniam si contra Deum fortis fuisti, quanto magis contra homines praevalebis?
 Jacob asked him, Tell me by what name art thou called? He answered: Why dost thou ask my name? And he blessed him in the same place.
Interrogavit eum Jacob : Dic mihi, quo appellaris nomine? Respondit : Cur quaeris nomen meum? Et benedixit ei in eodem loco.
 And Jacob called the name of the place Phanuel, saying: I have seen God face to face, and my soul has been saved.
Vocavitque Jacob nomen loci illius Phanuel, dicens : Vidi Deum facie ad faciem, et salva facta est anima mea.
 And immediately the sun rose upon him, after he was past Phanuel; but he halted on his foot.
Ortusque est ei statim sol, postquam transgressus est Phanuel : ipse vero claudicabat pede.
 Therefore the children of Israel, unto this day, eat not the sinew, that shrank in Jacob's thigh: because he touched the sinew of his thigh and it shrank.
Quam ob causam non comedunt nervum filii Israel, qui emarcuit in femore Jacob, usque in praesentem diem : eo quod tetigerit nervum femoris ejus, et obstupuerit.