The Ammonites abuse David's ambassadors: both they and their confederates are overthrown.
 Now it came to pass that Naas the king of the children of Ammon died, and his son reigned is his stead.
Accidit autem ut moreretur Naas rex filiorum Ammon, et regnaret filius ejus pro eo.
 And David said: I will shew kindness to Hanon the son of Naas: for his father did a favour to me. And David sent messengers to comfort him upon the death of his father. But when they were come into the land of the children of Ammon, to comfort Hanon,
Dixitque David : Faciam misericordiam cum Hanon filio Naas : praestitit enim mihi pater ejus gratiam. Misitque David nuntios ad consolandum eum super morte patris sui. Qui cum pervenissent in terram filiorum Ammon, ut consolarentur Hanon,
 The princes of the children of Ammon said to Hanon: Thou thinkest perhaps that David to do honour to thy father hath sent comforters to thee: and thou dost not take notice, that his servants are come to thee to consider, and search, and spy out thy land.
dixerunt principes filiorum Ammon ad Hanon : Tu forsitan putas, quod David honoris causa in patrem tuum miserit qui consolentur te : nec animadvertis quod ut explorent, et investigent, et scrutentur terram tuam, venerint ad te servi ejus.
 Wherefore Hanon shaved the heads and beards of the servants of David, and cut away their garments from the buttocks to the feet, and sent them away.
Igitur Hanon pueros David decalvavit, et rasit, et praecidit tunicas eorum a natibus usque ad pedes, et dimisit eos.
 And when they were gone, they sent word to David, who sent to meet them (for they had suffered a great affront) and ordered them to stay at Jericho till their beards grew and then to return.
Qui cum abiissent, et hoc mandassent David, misit in occursum eorum ( grandem enim contumeliam sustinuerant) et praecepit ut manerent in Jericho, donec cresceret barba eorum, et tunc reverterentur.
 And when the children of Ammon saw that they had done an injury to David, Hanon and the rest of the people sent a thousand talents of silver, to hire them chariots and horsemen out of Mesopotamia, and out of Syria Maacha, and out of Soba.
Videntes autem filii Ammon, quod injuriam fecissent David, tam Hanon, quam reliquus populus, miserunt mille talenta argenti, ut conducerent sibi de Mesopotamia, et de Syria Maacha, et de Soba currus et equites.
 And they hired two and thirty thousand chariots, and the king of Maacha, with his people. And they came and camped over against Medaba. And the children of Ammon gathered themselves together out of their cities, and came to battle.
Conduxeruntque triginta duo millia curruum, et regem Maacha cum populo ejus. Qui cum venissent, castrametati sunt e regione Medaba. Filii quoque Ammon congregati de urbibus suis, venerunt ad bellum.
 And when David heard of it, he sent Joab, and all the army of valiant men:
Quod cum audisset David, misit Joab, et omnem exercitum virorum fortium :
 And the children of Ammon came out and put their army in array before the gate of the city: and the kings, that were come to their aid, stood apart in the field.
egressique filii Ammon, direxerunt aciem juxta portam civitatis : reges autem, qui ad auxilium ejus venerant, separatim in agro steterunt.
 Wherefore Joab understanding that the battle was set against him before and behind, chose out the bravest men of all Israel, and marched against the Syrians,
Igitur Joab intelligens bellum ex adverso, et post tergum contra se fieri, elegit viros fortissimos de universo Israel, et perrexit contra Syrum.
 And the rest of the people he delivered into the hand of Abisai his brother, and they went against the children of Ammon.
Reliquam autem partem populi dedit sub manu Abisai fratris sui : et perrexerunt contra filios Ammon.
 And he said: If the Syrians be too strong for me, then thou shalt help me: but if the children of Ammon be too strong for thee, I will help thee.
Dixitque : Si vicerit me Syrus, auxilio eris mihi : si autem superaverint te filii Ammon, ero tibi in praesidium.
 Be of good courage and let us behave ourselves manfully for our people, and for the cities of our God: and the Lord will do that which is good in his sight.
Confortare, et agamus viriliter pro populo nostro, et pro urbibus Dei nostri : Dominus autem, quod in conspectu suo bonum est, faciet.
 So Joab and the people that were with him, went against the Syrians to the battle: and he put them to flight.
Perrexit ergo Joab, et populus qui cum eo erat, contra Syrum ad praelium : et fugavit eos.
 And the children of Ammon seeing that the Syrians were fled, they likewise fled from Abisai his brother, and went into the city: and Joab also returned to Jerusalem.
Porro filii Ammon videntes quod fugisset Syrus, ipsi quoque fugerunt Abisai fratrem ejus, et ingressi sunt civitatem : reversusque est etiam Joab in Jerusalem.
 But the Syrians seeing that they had fallen before Israel, sent messengers, and brought to them the Syrians that were beyond the river: and Sophach, general of the army of Adarezer, was their leader.
Videns autem Syrus quod cecidisset coram Israel, misit nuntios, et adduxit Syrum, qui erat trans fluvium : Sophach autem princeps militiae Adarezer erat dux eorum.
 And it was told David, and he gathered together all Israel, and passed the Jordan, and came upon them, and put his army in array against them, and they fought with him.
Quod cum nuntiatum esset David, congregavit universum Israel, et transivit Jordanem, irruitque in eos et direxit ex adverso aciem, illis contra pugnantibus.
 But the Syrian fled before Israel: and David slew of the Syrians seven thousand chariots, and forty thousand footmen, and Sophach the general of the army.
Fugit autem Syrus Israel, et interfecit David de Syris septem millia curruum, et quadraginta millia peditum, et Sophach exercitus principem.
 And when the servants of Adarezer saw themselves overcome by Israel, they went over to David, and served him: and Syria would not help the children of Ammon any more.
Videntes autem servi Adarezer se ab Israel esse superatos, transfugerunt ad David, et servierunt ei : noluitque ultra Syria auxilium praebere filiis Ammon.