The reign of Alexander and his successors: Antiochus rifles and profanes the temple of God: and persecutes unto death all that will not forsake the law of God, and the religion of their fathers.
1 Now it came to pass, after that Alexander the son of Philip the Macedonian, who first reigned in Greece, coming out of the land of Cethim, had overthrown Darius king of the Persians and Medes:
Et factum est, postquam percussit Alexander Philippi Macedo, qui primus regnavit in Graecia, egressus de terra Cethim, Darium regem Persarum et Medorum :
2 He fought many battles, and took the strong holds of all, and slew the kings of the earth:
constituit praelia multa, et obtinuit omnium munitiones, et interfecit reges terrae,
3 And he went through even to the ends of the earth, and took the spoils of many nations: and the earth was quiet before him.
et pertransiit usque ad fines terrae : et accepit spolia multitudinis gentium, et siluit terra in conspectu ejus.
4 And he gathered a power, and a very strong army: and his heart was exalted and lifted up.
Et congregavit virtutem, et exercitum fortem nimis : et exaltatum est, et elevatum cor ejus :
5 And he subdued countries of nations, and princes: and they became tributaries to him.
et obtinuit regiones gentium, et tyrannos : et facti sunt illi in tributum.
6 And after these things, he fell down upon his bed, and knew that he should die.
Et post haec decidit in lectum, et cognovit quia moreretur.
7 And he called his servants the nobles that were brought up with him from his youth: and he divided his kingdom among them, while he was yet alive.
Et vocavit pueros suos nobiles, qui secum erant nutriti a juventute : et divisit illis regnum suum, cum adhuc viveret.
8 And Alexander reigned twelve years, and he died.
Et regnavit Alexander annis duodecim, et mortuus est.
9 And his servants made themselves kings every one in his place:
Et obtinuerunt pueri ejus regnum, unusquisque in loco suo :
10 And they all put crowns upon themselves after his death, and their sons after them many years, and evils were multiplied in the earth.
et imposuerunt omnes sibi diademata post mortem ejus, et filii eorum post eos annis multis, et multiplicata sunt mala in terra.
11 And there came out of them a wicked root, Antiochus the Illustrious, the son of king Antiochus, who had been a hostage at Rome: and he reigned in the hundred and thirty-seventh year of the kingdom of the Greeks.
Et exiit ex eis radix peccatrix, Antiochus illustris, filius Antiochi regis, qui fuerat Romae obses : et regnavit in anno centesimo trigesimo septimo regni Graecorum.
12 In those days there went out of Israel wicked men, and they persuaded many, saying: Let us go, and make a covenant with the heathens that are round about us: for since we departed from them, many evils have befallen us.
In diebus illis, exierunt ex Israel filii iniqui, et suaserunt multis, dicentes : Eamus, et disponamus testamentum cum gentibus, quae circa nos sunt : quia ex quo recessimus ab eis, invenerunt nos multa mala.
13 And the word seemed good in their eyes.
Et bonus visus est sermo in oculis eorum.
14 And some of the people determined to do this, and went to the king: and he gave them license to do after the ordinances of the heathens.
Et destinaverunt aliqui de populo, et abierunt ad regem : et dedit illis potestatem ut facerent justitiam gentium.
15 And they built a place of exercise in Jerusalem, according to the laws of the nations:
Et aedificaverunt gymnasium in Jerosolymis secundum leges nationum :
16 And they made themselves prepuces, and departed from the holy covenant, and joined themselves to the heathens, and were sold to do evil.
et fecerunt sibi praeputia, et recesserunt a testamento sancto, et juncti sunt nationibus, et venundati sunt ut facerent malum.
17 And the kingdom was established before Antiochus, and he had a mind to reign over the land of Egypt, that he might reign over two kingdoms.
Et paratum est regnum in conspectu Antiochi, et coepit regnare in terra Aegypti ut regnaret super duo regna.
18 And he entered into Egypt with a great multitude, with chariots and elephants, and horsemen, and a great number of ships:
Et intravit in Aegyptum in multitudine gravi, in curribus, et elephantis, et equitibus, et copiosa navium multitudine :
19 And he made war against Ptolemee king of Egypt, but Ptolemee was afraid at his presence, and fled, and many were wounded unto death.
et constituit bellum adversus Ptolemaeum regem Aegypti, et veritus est Ptolemaeus a facie ejus, et fugit, et ceciderunt vulnerati multi.
20 And he took the strong cities in the land of Egypt: and he took the spoils of the land of Egypt.
Et comprehendit civitates munitas in terra Aegypti, et accepit spolia terrae Aegypti.
21 And after Antiochus had ravaged Egypt in the hundred and forty-third year, he returned and went up against Israel.
Et convertit Antiochus, postquam percussit Aegyptum in centesimo et quadragesimo tertio anno : et ascendit ad Israel,
22 And he went up to Jerusalem with a great multitude.
et ascendit Jerosolymam in multitudine gravi.
23 And he proudly entered into the sanctuary, and took away the golden altar, and the candlestick of light, and all the vessels thereof, and the table of proposition, and the pouring vessels, and the vials, and the little mortars of gold, and the veil, and the crowns, and the golden ornament that was before the temple: and he broke them all in pieces.
Et intravit in sanctificationem cum superbia, et accepit altare aureum, et candelabrum luminis, et universa vasa ejus, et mensam propositionis, et libatoria, et phialas, et mortariola aurea, et velum, et coronas, et ornamentum aureum, quod in facie templi erat : et comminuit omnia.
24 And he took the silver and gold, and the precious vessels: and he took the hidden treasures which he found: and when he had taken all away he departed into his own country.
Et accepit argentum, et aurum, et vasa concupiscibilia : et accepit thesauros occultos, quos invenit : et sublatis omnibus, abiit in terram suam.
25 And he made a great slaughter of men, and spoke very proudly.
Et fecit caedem hominum, et locutus est in superbia magna.
26 And there was great mourning in Israel, and in every place where they were.
Et factus est planctus magnus in Israel, et in omni loco eorum :
27 And the princes, and the ancients mourned, and the virgins and the young men were made feeble, and the beauty of the women was changed.
et ingemuerunt principes et seniores; virgines et juvenes infirmati sunt : et speciositas mulierum immutata est.
28 Every bridegroom took up lamentation: and the bride that sat in the marriage bed, mourned:
Omnis maritus sumpsit lamentum, et quae sedebant in thoro maritali, lugebant :
29 And the land was moved for the inhabitants thereof, and all the house of Jacob was covered with confusion.
et commota est terra super habitantes in ea, et universa domus Jacob induit confusionem.
30 And after two full years the king sent the chief collector of his tributes to the cities of Juda, and he came to Jerusalem with a great multitude.
Et post duos annos dierum, misit rex principem tributorum in civitates Juda, et venit Jerusalem cum turba magna.
31 And he spoke to them peaceable words in deceit: and they believed him.
Et locutus est ad eos verba pacifica in dolo : et crediderunt ei.
32 And he fell upon the city suddenly, and struck it with a great slaughter, and destroyed much people in Israel.
Et irruit super civitatem repente, et percussit eam plaga magna, et perdidit populum multum ex Israel.
33 And he took the spoils of the city, and burnt it with fire, and threw down the houses thereof, and the walls thereof round about:
Et accepit spolia civitatis : et succendit eam igni, et destruxit domos ejus, et muros ejus in circuitu :
34 And they took the women captive, and the children, and the cattle they possessed.
et captivas duxerunt mulieres, et natos et pecora possederunt.
35 And they built the city of David with a great and strong wall, and with strong towers, and made it a fortress for them:
Et aedificaverunt civitatem David muro magno et firmo, et turribus firmis, et facta est illis in arcem :
36 And they placed there a sinful nation, wicked men, and they fortified themselves therein: and they stored up armour, and victuals, and gathered together the spoils of Jerusalem;
et posuerunt illic gentem peccatricem viros iniquos, et convaluerunt in ea : et posuerunt arma, et escas, et congregaverunt spolia Jerusalem :
37 And laid them up there: and they became a great snare.
et reposuerunt illic : et facti sunt in laqueum magnum.
38 And this was a place to lie in wait against the sanctuary, and an evil devil in Israel.
Et factum est hoc ad insidias sanctificationi, et in diabolum malum in Israel :
39 And they shed innocent blood round about the sanctuary, and defiled the holy place.
et effuderunt sanguinem innocentem per circuitum sanctificationis, et contaminaverunt sanctificationem.
40 And the inhabitants of Jerusalem fled away by reason of them, and the city was made the habitation of strangers, and she became a stranger to her own seed, and her children forsook her.
Et fugerunt habitatores Jerusalem propter eos, et facta est habitatio exterorum, et facta est extera semini suo, et nati ejus reliquerunt eam.
41 Her sanctuary was desolate like a wilderness, her festival days were turned into mourning, her sabbaths into reproach, her honours were brought to nothing.
Sanctificatio ejus desolata est sicut solitudo; dies festi ejus conversi sunt in luctum, sabbata ejus in opprobrium, honores ejus in nihilum.
42 Her dishonour was increased according to her glory, and her excellency was turned into mourning.
Secundum gloriam ejus multiplicata est ignominia ejus, et sublimitas ejus conversa est in luctum.
43 And king Antiochus wrote to all his kingdom, that all the people should be one: and every one should leave his own law.
Et scripsit rex Antiochus omni regno suo ut esset omnis populus unus : et relinqueret unusquisque legem suam.
44 And all nations consented according to the word of king Antiochus.
Et consenserunt omnes gentes secundum verbum regis Antiochi :
45 And many of Israel consented to his service, and they sacrificed to idols, and profaned the sabbath.
et multi ex Israel consenserunt servituti ejus, et sacrificaverunt idolis, et coinquinaverunt sabbatum.
46 And the king sent letters by the hands of messengers to Jerusalem, and to all the cities of Juda: that they should follow the law of the nations of the earth,
Et misit rex libros per manus nuntiorum in Jerusalem, et in omnes civitates Juda, ut sequerentur leges gentium terrae,
47 And should forbid holocausts and sacrifices, and atonements to be made in the temple of God.
et prohiberent holocausta et sacrificia, et placationes fieri in templo Dei,
48 And should prohibit the sabbath, and the festival days, to be celebrated.
et prohiberent celebrari sabbatum, et dies solemnes :
49 And he commanded the holy places to be profaned, and the holy people of Israel.
et jussit coinquinari sancta, et sanctum populum Israel.
50 And he commanded altars to be built, and temples, and idols, and swine's flesh to be immolated, and unclean beasts.
Et jussit aedificari aras, et templa, et idola, et immolari carnes suillas, et pecora communia,
51 And that they should leave their children uncircumcised, and let their souls be defiled with all uncleannesses, and abominations, to the end that they should forget the law, and should change all the justifications of God.
et relinquere filios suos incircumcisos, et coinquinari animas eorum in omnibus immundis, et abominationibus, ita ut obliviscerentur legem, et immutarent omnes justificationes Dei :
52 And that whosoever would not do according to the word of king Antiochus should be put to death.
et quicumque non fecissent secundum verbum regis Antiochi, morerentur.
53 According to all these words he wrote to his whole kingdom, and he appointed rulers over the people that should force them to do these things.
Secundum omnia verba haec scripsit omni regno suo : et praeposuit principes populo, qui haec fieri cogerent.
54 And they commanded the cities of Juda to sacrifice.
Et jusserunt civitatibus Juda sacrificare.
55 Then many of the people were gathered to them that had forsaken the law of the Lord: and they committed evils in the land:
Et congregati sunt multi de populo ad eos qui dereliquerant legem Domini, et fecerunt mala super terram :
56 And they drove away the people of Israel into lurking holes, and into the secret places of fugitives.
et effugaverunt populum Israel in abditis, et in absconditis fugitivorum locis.
57 On the fifteenth day of the month Casleu, in the hundred and forty-fifth year, king Antiochus set up the abominable idol of desolation upon the altar of God, and they built altars throughout all the cities of Juda round about:
Die quintadecima mensis Casleu, quinto et quadragesimo et centesimo anno, aedificavit rex Antiochus abominandum idolum desolationis super altare Dei, et per universas civitates Juda in circuitu aedificaverunt aras :
58 And they burnt incense, and sacrificed at the doors of the houses, and in the streets.
et ante januas domorum et in plateis incendebant thura, et sacrificabant :
59 And they cut in pieces, and burnt with fire the books of the law of God:
et libros legis Dei combusserunt igni, scindentes eos :
60 And every one with whom the books of the testament of the Lord were found, and whosoever observed the law of the Lord, they put to death, according to the edict of the king.
et apud quemcumque inveniebantur libri testamenti Domini, et quicumque observabat legem Domini, secundum edictum regis trucidabant eum.
61 Thus by their power did they deal with the people of Israel, that were found in the cities month after month.
In virtute sua faciebant haec populo Israel, qui inveniebatur in omni mense et mense in civitatibus.
62 And on the five and twentieth day of the month they sacrificed upon the altar of the idol that was over against the altar of God.
Et quinta et vigesima die mensis sacrificabant super aram, quae erat contra altare.
63 Now the women that circumcised their children, were slain according to the commandment of king Antiochus.
Et mulieres, quae circumcidebant filios suos, trucidabantur secundum jussum regis Antiochi,
64 And they hanged the children about their necks in all their houses: and those that had circumcised them, they put to death.
et suspendebant pueros a cervicibus per universas domos eorum : et eos, qui circumciderant illos, trucidabant.
65 And many of the people of Israel determined with themselves, that they would not eat unclean things: and they chose rather to die than to be defiled with unclean meats.
Et multi de populo Israel definierunt apud se, ut non manducarent immunda : et elegerunt magis mori, quam cibis coinquinari immundis :
66 And they would not break the holy law of God, and they were put to death:
et noluerunt infringere legem Dei sanctam, et trucidati sunt :
67 And there was very great wrath upon the people.
et facta est ira magna super populum valde.