Holofernes besiegeth Bethulia. The distress of the besieged.
 But Holofernes on the next day gave orders to his army, to go up against Bethulia.
Holofernes autem altera die praecepit exercitibus suis ut ascenderent contra Bethuliam.
 Now there were in his troops a hundred and twenty thousand footmen, and two and twenty thousand horsemen, besides the preparations of those men who had been taken, and who had been brought away out of the provinces and cities of all the youth.
Erant autem pedites bellatorum centum viginti millia, et equites viginti duo millia, praeter praeparationes virorum illorum, quos occupaverat captivitas, et abducti fuerant de provinciis et urbibus universae juventutis.
 All these prepared themselves together to fight against the children of Israel, and they came by the hillside to the top, which looketh toward Dothain, from the place which is called Behlma, unto Chelmon, which is over against Esdrelon.
Omnes paraverunt se pariter ad pugnam contra filios Israel, et venerunt per crepidinem montis usque ad apicem, qui respicit super Dothain, a loco qui dicitur Belma usque ad Chelmon, qui est contra Esdrelon.
 But the children of Israel, when they saw the multitude of them, prostrated themselves upon the ground, putting ashes upon their heads, praying with one accord, that the God of Israel would shew his mercy upon his people.
Filii autem Israel, ut viderunt multitudinem illorum, prostraverunt se super terram, mittentes cinerem super capita sua, unanimes orantes ut Deus Israel misericordiam suam ostenderet super populum suum.
 And taking their arms of war, they posted themselves at the places, which by a narrow pathway lead directly between the mountains, and they guarded them all day and night.
Et assumentes arma sua bellica, sederunt per loca, quae ad angusti itineris tramitem dirigunt inter montosa, et erant custodientes ea tota die et nocte.
 Now Holofernes, in going round about, found that the fountains which supplied them with water, ran through an aqueduct without the city on the south side: and he commanded their aqueduct to be cut off.
Porro Holofernes, dum circuit per gyrum, reperit quod fons, qui influebat, aquaeductum illorum a parte australi extra civitatem dirigeret : et incidi praecepit aquaeductum illorum.
 Nevertheless there were springs not far from the walls, out of which they were seen secretly to draw water, to refresh themselves a little rather than to drink their fill.
Erant tamen non longe a muris fontes, ex quibus furtim videbantur haurire aquam ad refocillandum potius quam ad potandum.
 But the children of Ammon and Moab came to Holofernes, saying: The children of Israel trust not in their spears, nor in their arrows, but the mountains are their defense, and the steep hires and precipices guard them.
Sed filii Ammon et Moab accesserunt ad Holofernem, dicentes : Filii Israel non in lancea nec in sagitta confidunt, sed montes defendunt illos, et muniunt illos colles in praecipitio constituti.
 Wherefore that thou mayst overcome them without joining battle, set guards at the springs that they may not draw water out of them, and thou shalt destroy them without sword, or at least being wearied out they will yield up their city, which they suppose, because it is situate in the mountains, to be impregnable.
Ut ergo sine congressione pugnae possis superare eos, pone custodes fontium, ut non hauriant aquam ex eis, et sine gladio interficies eos, vel certe fatigati tradent civitatem suam, quam putant in montibus positam superari non posse.
 And these words pleased Holofernes, and his officers, and he placed all round about a hundred men at every spring.
Et placuerunt verba haec coram Holoferne et coram satellitibus ejus, et constituit per gyrum centenarios per singulos fontes.
 And when they had kept this watch for full twenty days, the cisterns, and the reserve of waters failed among all the inhabitants of Bethulia, so that there was not within the city, enough to satisfy them, no not for one day, for water was daily given out to the people by measure.
Cumque ista custodia per dies viginti fuisset expleta, defecerunt cisternae, et collectiones aquarum omnibus habitantibus Bethuliam, ita ut non esset intra civitatem unde satiarentur vel una die, quoniam ad mensuram dabatur populis aqua quotidie.
 Then all the men and women, young men, and children, gathering themselves together to Ozias, all together with one voice,
Tunc ad Oziam congregati omnes viri feminaeque, juvenes et parvuli, omnes simul una voce
 Said: God be judge between us and thee, for thou hast done evil against us, in that thou wouldst not speak peaceably with the Assyrians, and for this cause God hath sold us into their hands.
dixerunt : Judicet Deus inter nos et te, quoniam fecisti in nos mala, nolens loqui pacifice cum Assyriis, et propter hoc vendidit nos Deus in manibus eorum.
 And therefore there is no one to help us, while we are cast down before their eyes in thirst, and sad destruction.
Et ideo non est qui adjuvet, cum prosternamur ante oculos eorum in siti, et perditione magna.
 And now assemble ye all that are in the city, that we may of our own accord yield ourselves all up to the people of Holofernes.
Et nunc congregate universos qui in civitate sunt, ut sponte tradamus nos omnes populo Holofernis.
 For it is better, that being captives we should live and bless the Lord, than that we should die, and be a reproach to all flesh, after we have seen our wives and our infants die before our eyes.
Melius est enim ut captivi benedicamus Dominum viventes, quam moriamur, et simus opprobrium omni carni, cum viderimus uxores nostras, et infantes nostros mori ante oculos nostros.
 We call to witness this day heaven and earth, and the God of our fathers, who taketh vengeance upon us according to our sins, conjuring you to deliver now the city into the hand of the army of Holofernes, that our end may be short by the edge of the sword, which is made longer by the drought of thirst.
Contestamur hodie caelum et terram, et Deum patrum nostrorum, qui ulciscitur nos secundum peccata nostra, ut jam tradatis civitatem in manu militiae Holofernis, et sit finis noster brevis in ore gladii, qui longior efficitur in ariditate sitis.
 And when they had said these things, there was great weeping and lamentation of all in the assembly, and for many hours with one voice they cried to God, saying:
Et cum haec dixissent, factus est fletus et ululatus magnus in ecclesia ab omnibus, et per multas horas una voce clamaverunt ad Deum, dicentes :
 We have sinned with our fathers we have done unjustly, we have commited iniquity:
Peccavimus cum patribus nostris; injuste egimus, iniquitatem fecimus.
 Have thou mercy on us, because thou art good, or punish our iniquities by chastising us thyself, and deliver not them that trust in thee to a people that knoweth not thee,
Tu, quia pius es, miserere nostri, aut in tuo flagello vindica iniquitates nostras, et noli tradere confitentes te populo qui ignorat te,
 That they may not say among the gentiles: Where is their God?
ut non dicant inter gentes : Ubi est Deus eorum?
 And when being wearied with these cries, and tired with these weepings, they held their peace,
Et cum fatigati ex his clamoribus et his fletibus lassati siluissent,
 Ozias rising up all in tears, said: Be of good courage, my brethren, and let us wait these five days for mercy from the Lord.
exsurgens Ozias infusus lacrimis, dixit : Aequo animo estote, fratres, et hos quinque dies expectemus a Domino misericordiam.
 For perhaps he will put a stop to his indignation, and will give glory to his own name.
Forsitan enim indignationem suam abscindet, et dabit gloriam nomini suo.
 But if after five days be past there come no aid, we will do the things which you leave spoken.
Si autem transactis quinque diebus non venerit adjutorium, faciemus haec verba, quae locuti estis.