Humanity towards neighbours. Neither sex may use the apparel of the other. Cruelty to be avoided even to birds. Battlements about the roof of a house. Things of divers kinds not to be mixed. The punishment of him that slandereth his wife, as also of adultery and rape.
1 Thou shalt not pass by if thou seest thy brother's ox, or his sheep go astray: but thou shalt bring them back to thy brother.
Non videbis bovem fratris tui, aut ovem errantem, et praeteribis : sed reduces fratri tuo,
2 And if thy brother be not nigh, or thou know him not: thou shalt bring them to thy house, and they shall be with thee until thy brother seek them, and receive them.
etiamsi non est propinquus frater tuus, nec nosti eum : duces in domum tuam, et erunt apud te quamdiu quaerat ea frater tuus, et recipiat.
3 Thou shalt do in like manner with his ass, and with his raiment, and with every thing that is thy brother's, which is lost: if thou find it, neglect it not as pertaining to another.
Similiter facies de asino, et de vestimento, et de omni re fratris tui, quae perierit : si inveneris eam, ne negligas quasi alienam.
4 If thou see thy brother's ass or his ox to be fallen down in the way, thou shalt not slight it, but shalt lift it up with him.
Si videris asinum fratris tui aut bovem cecidisse in via, non despicies, sed sublevabis cum eo.
5 A woman shall not be clothed with man's apparel, neither shall a man use woman's apparel: for he that doeth these things is abominable before God.
Non induetur mulier veste virili, nec vir utetur veste feminea : abominabilis enim apud Deum est qui facit haec.
6 If thou find as thou walkest by the way, a bird's nest in a tree, or on the ground, and the dam sitting upon the young or upon the eggs: thou shalt not take her with her young:
Si ambulans per viam, in arbore vel in terra nidum avis inveneris, et matrem pullis vel ovis desuper incubantem : non tenebis eam cum filiis,
7 But shalt let her go, keeping the young which thou hast caught: that it may be well with thee, and thou mayst live a long time.
sed abire patieris, captos tenens filios : ut bene sit tibi, et longo vivas tempore.
8 When thou buildest a new house, thou shalt make a battlement to the roof round about: lest blood be shed in thy house, and thou be guilty, if any one slip, and fall down headlong.
Cum aedificaveris domum novam, facies murum tecti per circuitum : ne effundatur sanguis in domo tua, et sis reus labente alio, et in praeceps ruente.
9 Thou shalt not sow thy vineyard with divers seeds: lest both the seed which thou hast sown, and the fruit of the vineyard, be sanctified together.
Non seres vineam tuam altero semine : ne et sementis quam sevisti, et quae nascuntur ex vinea, pariter sanctificentur.
10 Thou shalt not plough with an ox and an ass together.
Non arabis in bove simul et asino.
11 Thou shalt not wear a garment that is woven of woollen and linen together.
Non indueris vestimento, quod ex lana linoque contextum est.
12 Thou shalt make strings in the hem at the four corners of thy cloak, wherewith thou shalt be covered.
Funiculos in fimbriis facies per quatuor angulos pallii tui, quo operieris.
13 If a man marry a wife, and afterwards hate her,
Si duxerit vir uxorem, et postea odio habuerit eam,
14 And seek occasions to put her away, laying to her charge a very ill name, and say: I took this woman to wife, and going in to her, I found her not a virgin:
quaesieritque occasiones quibus dimittat eam, objiciens ei nomen pessimum, et dixerit : Uxorem hanc accepi, et ingressus ad eam non inveni virginem :
15 Her father and mother shall take her, and shall bring with them the tokens of her virginity to the ancients of the city that are in the gate:
tollent eam pater et mater ejus, et ferent secum signa virginitatis ejus ad seniores urbis qui in porta sunt :
16 And the father shall say: I gave my daughter unto this man to wife: and because he hateth her,
et dicet pater : Filiam meam dedi huic uxorem : quam quia odit,
17 He layeth to her charge a very ill name, so as to say: I found not thy daughter a virgin: and behold these are the tokens of my daughter's virginity. And they shall spread the cloth before the ancients of the city:
imponit ei nomen pessimum, ut dicat : Non inveni filiam tuam virginem : et ecce haec sunt signa virginitatis filiae meae. Expandent vestimentum coram senioribus civitatis :
18 And the ancients of that city shall take that man, and beat him,
apprehendentque senes urbis illius virum, et verberabunt illum,
19 Condemning him besides in a hundred sicles of silver, which he shall give to the damsel's father, because he hath defamed by a very ill name a virgin of Israel: and he shall have her to wife, and may not put her away all the days of his life.
condemnantes insuper centum siclis argenti, quos dabit patri puellae, quoniam diffamavit nomen pessimum super virginem Israel : habebitque eam uxorem, et non poterit dimittere eam omnibus diebus vitae suae.
20 But if what he charged her with be true, and virginity be not found in the damsel:
Quod si verum est quod objicit, et non est in puella inventa virginitas,
21 They shall cast her out of the doors of her father's house, and the men of the city shall stone her to death, and she shall die: because she hath done a wicked thing in Israel, to play the whore in her father's house: and thou shalt take away the evil out of the midst of thee.
ejicient eam extra fores domus patris sui, et lapidibus obruent viri civitatis illius, et morietur : quoniam fecit nefas in Israel, ut fornicaretur in domo patris sui : et auferes malum de medio tui.
22 If a man lie with another man's wife, they shall both die, that is to say, the adulterer and the adulteress: and thou shalt take away the evil out of Israel.
Si dormierit vir cum uxore alterius, uterque morietur, id est, adulter et adultera : et auferes malum de Israel.
23 If a man have espoused a damsel that is a virgin, and some one find her in the city, and lie with her,
Si puellam virginem desponderit vir, et invenerit eam aliquis in civitate, et concubuerit cum ea,
24 Thou shalt bring them both out to the gate of that city, and they shall be stoned: the damsel, because she cried not out, being in the city: the man, because he hath humbled his neighbour's wife. And thou shalt take away the evil from the midst of thee.
educes utrumque ad portam civitatis illius, et lapidibus obruentur : puella, quia non clamavit, cum esset in civitate : vir, quia humiliavit uxorem proximi sui : et auferes malum de medio tui.
25 But if a man find a damsel that is betrothed, in the field, and taking hold of her, lie with her, he alone shall die:
Sin autem in agro repererit vir puellam, quae desponsata est, et apprehendens concubuerit cum ea, ipse morietur solus :
26 The damsel shall suffer nothing, neither is she guilty of death: for as a robber riseth against his brother, and taketh away his life, so also did the damsel suffer:
puella nihil patietur, nec est rea mortis : quoniam sicut latro consurgit contra fratrem suum, et occidit animam ejus, ita et puella perpessa est.
27 She was alone in the field: she cried, and there was no man to help her.
Sola erat in agro : clamavit, et nullus affuit qui liberaret eam.
28 If a man find a damsel that is a virgin, who is not espoused, and taking her, lie with her, and the matter come to judgment:
Si invenerit vir puellam virginem, quae non habet sponsum, et apprehendens concubuerit cum illa, et res ad judicium venerit :
29 He that lay with her shall give to the father of the maid fifty sicles of silver, and shall have her to wife, because he hath humbled her: he may not put her away all the days of his life.
dabit qui dormivit cum ea, patri puellae quinquaginta siclos argenti, et habebit eam uxorem, quia humiliavit illam : non poterit dimittere eam cunctis diebus vitae suae.
30 No man shall take his father's wife, nor remove his covering.
Non accipiet homo uxorem patris sui, nec revelabit operimentum ejus.