Demetrius challenges the kingdom. Alcimus applies to him to be made high priest: Nicanor is sent into Judea: his dealings with Judas: his threats. The history of Razias.
 But after the space of three years Judas, and they that were with him, understood that Demetrius the son of Seleucus was come up with a great power, and a navy by the haven of Tripolis to places proper for his purpose.
Sed post triennii tempus, cognovit Judas, et qui cum eo erant, Demetrium Seleuci cum multitudine valida, et navibus, per portam Tripolis ascendisse ad loca opportuna,
 And had made himself master of the countries against Antiochus, and his general Lysias.
et tenuisse regiones adversus Antiochum, et ducem ejus Lysiam.
 Now one Alcimus, who had been chief priest, but had wilfully defiled himself in the time of mingling with the heathens, seeing that there was no safety for him, nor access to the altar,
Alcimus autem quidam, qui summus sacerdos fuerat, sed voluntarie coinquinatus est temporibus commistionis, considerans nullo modo sibi esse salutem, neque accessum ad altare,
 Came to king Demetrius in the year one hundred and fifty, presenting unto him a crown of gold, and a palm, and besides these, some boughs which seemed to belong to the temple. And that day indeed he held his peace.
venit ad regem Demetrium centesimo quinquagesimo anno, offerens ei coronam auream, et palmam, super haec et thallos, qui templi esse videbantur. Et ipsa quidem die siluit.
 But having gotten a convenient time to further his madness, being called to counsel by Demetrius, and asked what the Jews relied upon, and what were their counsels,
Tempus autem opportunum dementiae suae nactus, convocatus a Demetrio ad consilium, et interrogatus quibus rebus et consiliis Judaei niterentur,
 He answered thereunto: They among the Jews that are called Assideans, of whom Judas Machabeus is captain, nourish wars, and raise seditions, and will not suffer the realm to be in peace.
respondit : Ipsi qui dicuntur Assidaei Judaeorum, quibus praeest Judas Machabaeus, bella nutriunt, et seditiones movent, nec patiuntur regnum esse quietum :
 For I also being deprived of my ancestors' glory (I mean of the high priesthood) am now come hither:
nam et ego defraudatus parentum gloria ( dico autem summo sacerdotio) huc veni :
 Principally indeed out of fidelity to the king's interests, but in the next place also to provide for the good of my countrymen: for all our nation suffereth much from the evil proceedings of those men.
primo quidem utilitatibus regis fidem servans, secundo autem etiam civibus consulens : nam illorum pravitate universum genus nostrum non minime vexatur.
 Wherefore, O king, seeing thou knowest all these things, take care, I beseech thee, both of the country, and of our nation, according to thy humanity which is known to all men,
Sed oro his singulis, o rex, cognitis, et regioni et generi, secundum humanitatem tuam pervulgatam omnibus, prospice :
 For as long as Judas liveth, it is not possible that the state should be quiet.
nam, quamdiu superest Judas, impossibile est pacem esse negotiis.
 Now when this man had spoken to this effect, the rest also of the king's friends, who were enemies of Judas, incensed Demetrius against him.
Talibus autem ab hoc dictis, et ceteri amici hostiliter se habentes adversus Judam, inflammaverunt Demetrium.
 And forthwith he sent Nicanor, the commander over the elephants, governor into Judea:
Qui statim Nicanorem praepositum elephantorum ducem misit in Judaeam :
 Giving him in charge, to take Judas himself: and disperse all them that were with him, and to make Alcimus the high priest of the great temple.
datis mandatis ut ipsum quidem Judam caperet : eos vero, qui cum illo erant, dispergeret, et constitueret Alcimum maximi templi summum sacerdotem.
 Then the Gentiles who had fled out of Judea from Judas, came to Nicanor by flocks, thinking the miseries and calamities of the Jews to be the welfare of their affairs.
Tunc gentes, quae de Judaea fugerant Judam, gregatim se Nicanori miscebant, miserias et clades Judaeorum prosperitates rerum suarum existimantes.
 Now when the Jews heard of Nicanor's coming, and that the nations were assembled against them, they cast earth upon their heads, and made supplication to him, who chose his people to keep them for ever, and who protected his portion by evident signs.
Audito itaque Judaei Nicanoris adventu, et conventu nationum, conspersi terra rogabant eum qui populum suum constituit, ut in aeternum custodiret, quique suam portionem signis evidentibus protegit.
 Then at the commandment of their captain, they forthwith removed from the place where they were, and went to the town of Dessau, to meet them.
Imperante autem duce, statim inde moverunt, conveneruntque ad castellum Dessau.
 Now Simon the brother of Judas had joined battle with Nicanor, but was frightened with the sudden coming of the adversaries.
Simon vero frater Judae commiserat cum Nicanore : sed conterritus est repentino adventu adversariorum.
 Nevertheless Nicanor hearing of the valour of Judas' companions, and the greatness of courage with which they fought for their country, was afraid to try the matter by the sword.
Nicanor tamen, audiens virtutem comitum Judae, et animi magnitudinem, quam pro patriae certaminibus habebant, sanguine judicium facere metuebat.
 Wherefore he sent Posidonius, and Theodotius, and Matthias before to present and receive the right hands.
Quam ob rem praemisit Posidonium, et Theodotium, et Matthiam, ut darent dextras atque acciperent.
 And when there had been a consultation thereupon, and the captain had acquainted the multitude with it, they) were all of one mind to consent to covenants.
Et cum diu de his consilium ageretur, et ipse dux ad multitudinem retulisset, omnium una fuit sententia amicitiis annuere.
 So they appointed a day upon which they might commune together by themselves: and seats were brought out, and set for each one.
Itaque diem constituerunt, qua secreto inter se agerent : et singulis sellae prolatae sunt, et positae.
 But Judas ordered men to be ready in convenient places, lest some mischief might be suddenly practiced by the enemies: so they made an agreeable conference.
Praecepit autem Judas armatos esse locis opportunis, ne forte ab hostibus repente mali aliquid oriretur : et congruum colloquium fecerunt.
 And Nicanor abode in Jerusalem, and did no wrong, but sent away the flocks of the multitudes that had been gathered together.
Morabatur autem Nicanor Jerosolymis, nihilque inique agebat, gregesque turbarum, quae congregatae fuerant, dimisit.
 And Judas was always dear to him from the heart, and he was well affected to the man.
Habebat autem Judam semper carum ex animo, et erat viro inclinatus.
 And he desired him to marry a wife, and to have children. So he married: he lived quietly, and they lived in common.
Rogavitque eum ducere uxorem, filiosque procreare. Nuptias fecit : quiete egit, communiterque vivebant.
 But Alcimus seeing the love they had one to another, and the covenants, came to Demetrius, and told him that Nicanor assented to the foreign interest, for that he meant to make Judas, who was a traitor to the kingdom, his successor.
Alcimus autem, videns caritatem illorum ad invicem, et conventiones, venit ad Demetrium, et dicebat Nicanorem rebus alienis assentire, Judamque regni insidiatorem successorem sibi destinasse.
 Then the king being in a rage and provoked with this man's wicked accusations, wrote to Nicanor, signifying, that he was greatly displeased with the covenant of friendship: and that he commanded him nevertheless to send Machabeus prisoner in all haste to Antioch.
Itaque rex exasperatus, et pessimis hujus criminationibus irritatus, scripsit Nicanori, dicens graviter quidem se ferre de amicitiae conventione, jubere tamen Machabaeum citius vinctum mittere Antiochiam.
 When this was known, Nicanor was in a consternation, and took it grievously that he should make void the articles that were agreed upon, having received no injury from the man.
Quibus cognitis, Nicanor consternabatur, et graviter ferebat, si ea, quae convenerant, irrita faceret, nihil laesus a viro :
 But because he could not oppose the king, he watched an opportunity to comply with the orders.
sed, quia regi resistere non poterat, opportunitatem observabat, qua praeceptum perficeret.
 But when Machabeus perceived that Nicanor was more stern to him, and that when they met together as usual he behaved himself in a rough manner: and was sensible that this rough behaviour came not of good, he gathered together a few of his men, and hid himself from Nicanor.
At Machabaeus, videns secum austerius agere Nicanorem, et consuetum occursum ferocius exhibentem, intelligens non ex bono esse austeritatem istam, paucis suorum congregatis, occultavit se a Nicanore.
 But he finding himself notably prevented by the man, came to the great and holy temple: and commanded the priests that were offering the accustomed sacrifices, to deliver him the man.
Quod cum ille cognovit, fortiter se a viro praeventum, venit ad maximum et sanctissimum templum : et sacerdotibus solitas hostias offerentibus, jussit sibi tradi virum.
 And when they swore unto him, that they knew not where the man was whom he sought, he stretched out his hand to the temple,
Quibus cum juramento dicentibus nescire se ubi esset qui quaerebatur, extendens manum ad templum,
 And swore, saying: Unless you deliver Judas prisoner to me, I will lay this temple of God even with the ground, and will beat down the altar, and I will dedicate this temple to Bacchus.
juravit, dicens : Nisi Judam mihi vinctum tradideritis, istud Dei fanum in planitiem deducam, et altare effodiam, et templum hoc Libero patri consecrabo.
 And when he had spoken thus he departed. But the priests stretching forth their hands to heaven, called upon him that was ever the defender of their nation, saying in this manner:
Et his dictis abiit. Sacerdotes autem protendentes manus in caelum, invocabant eum qui semper propugnator esset gentis ipsorum, haec dicentes :
 Thou, O Lord of all things, who wantest nothing, wast pleased that the temple of thy habitation should be amongst us.
Tu, Domine universorum, qui nullius indiges, voluisti templum habitationis tuae fieri in nobis.
 Therefore now, O Lord the holy of all holies, keep this house for ever undefiled which was lately cleansed.
Et nunc, sancte sanctorum, omnium Domine, conserva in aeternum impollutam domum istam, quae nuper mundata est.
 Now Razias, one of the ancients of Jerusalem, was accused to Nicanor, a man that was a lover of the city, and of good report, who for his affection was called the father of the Jews.
Razias autem quidam de senioribus ab Jerosolymis delatus est Nicanori, vir amator civitatis, et bene audiens : qui pro affectu pater Judaeorum appellabatur.
 This man, for a long time, had held fast his purpose of keeping himself pure in the Jews' religion, and was ready to expose his body and life, that he might persevere therein.
Hic multis temporibus continentiae propositum tenuit in Judaismo, corpusque et animam tradere contentus pro perseverantia.
 So Nicanor being willing to declare the hatred that he bore the Jews, sent five hundred soldiers to take him.
Volens autem Nicanor manifestare odium, quod habebat in Judaeos, misit milites quingentos, ut eum comprehenderent.
 For he thought by insnaring him to hurt the Jews very much.
Putabat enim, si illum decepisset, se cladem Judaeis maximam illaturum.
 Now as the multitude sought to rush into his house, and to break open the door, and to set fire to it, when he was ready to be taken, he struck himself with his sword:
Turbis autem irruere in domum ejus, et januam dirumpere, atque ignem admovere cupientibus, cum jam comprehenderetur, gladio se petiit :
 Choosing to die nobly rather than to fall into the hands of the wicked, and to suffer abuses unbecoming his noble birth.
eligens nobiliter mori potius quam subditus fieri peccatoribus, et contra natales suos indignis injuriis agi.
 But whereas through haste he missed of giving himself a sure wound, and the crowd was breaking into the doors, he ran boldly to the wall, and manfully threw himself down to the crowd:
Sed cum per festinationem non certo ictu plagam dedisset, et turbae intra ostia irrumperent, recurrens audacter ad murum, praecipitavit semetipsum viriliter in turbas :
 But they quickly making room for his fall, he came upon the midst of the neck.
quibus velociter locum dantibus casui ejus, venit per mediam cervicem :
 And as he had yet breath in him, being inflamed in mind he arose: and while his blood ran down with a great stream, and he was grievously wounded, he ran through the crowd:
et cum adhuc spiraret, accensus animo, surrexit : et cum sanguis ejus magno fluxu deflueret, et gravissimis vulneribus esset saucius, cursu turbam pertransiit :
 And standing upon a steep rock, when he was now almost without blood, grasping his bowels with both hands, he cast them upon the throng, calling upon the Lord of life and spirit, to restore these to him again: and so he departed this life.
et stans supra quamdam petram praeruptam, et jam exsanguis effectus, complexus intestina sua, utrisque manibus projecit super turbas, invocans dominatorem vitae ac spiritus, ut haec illi iterum redderet : atque ita vita defunctus est.